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Wisconsin Crop Weather Report

Issued June 19 for Week Ending June 18, 2017

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates

The Wisconsin Crop Weather Report is updated weekly by the Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service.

Vol. 17, No. 12

A Week of Warm Temperatures and Severe Storms

There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 18, 2017, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Frequent thunderstorms slowed fieldwork, that left some farmers accessing crop damage and the need to replant. Wind, hail, and heavy downpours caused damage to some crops, farm buildings, and ponding in low lying areas. The frequent rains interrupted work on the first cutting of hay and the last of the spring planting. Temperatures were above normal, and crops responded well to the heat and humidity. Reporters commented that crop conditions had improved in areas not affected by storm damage.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus.

Wisconsin Crop Conditions
Item V-Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
All Hay 1 5 16 53 25
Corn 1 5 23 54 17
Oats 0 3 16 60 21
Pasture & Range 0 3 17 52 28
Potatoes 0 2 13 70 15
Soybeans 1 4 17 64 14
Winter Wheat 2 6 19 53 20
Source: USDA, NASS, Wisconsin Field Office.

Corn emerged was at 94 percent, 8 days behind last year, but 1 day ahead of the average. Corn condition was 71 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-six percent of the states's expected soybean acres have been planted, 10 days behind last year, but 4 days ahead of the average. Eighty-four percent of the state's soybeans have emerged, 8 days behind last year, but equal to the average. Soyben condition was 78 percent good to excellent.

Oats headed was reported at 22 percent, 8 days behind last year, and 7 days behind the average. Oats condition was 81 percent good to excellent, 3 percentage points above last week.

Potato condition was rated 85 good to excellent, 2 percentage points below last week.

Pasture condition was 80 percent good to excellent, equal to last week.

Winter wheat was 80 percent headed, 11 percentage points behind last year. Winter wheat was 73 percent in good to excellent condition statewide, 3 percentage points below last week.

The first cutting of alfalfa was reported as 89 percent complete, while the second cutting was just starting. All hay condition was reported 78 percent good to excellent, 3 percentage points above of last week.

Wisconsin Crop Progress
Crop and percent
of acreage
District Average State Average
Alfalfa Hay, First Cutting 85 67 87 89 90 93 94 96 92 89 81 92 78
Corn Emerged 92 91 96 94 91 90 96 98 93 94 84 99 93
Oats Headed 20 11 16 22 20 10 35 40 21 22 7 48 41
Soybeans Planted 95 95 96 96 93 94 97 99 94 96 89 99 93
Soybeans Emerged 83 84 82 88 81 77 81 89 81 84 63 96 84
Winter Wheat Headed 61 69 64 87 74 74 76 94 96 80 64 91 n.a.
Winter Wheat Coloring 1 1 4 4 8 6 6 30 24 13 0 26 n.a.
n.a. = not available

Selected Quotes from Farm Reporters and County Ag Agents
All comments are used in creating this report, but only a few are published below.

BURNETT/WASHBURN-P.H.: Corn populations are spotty. Cold and wet soils at planting reduced germination. Soybeans are better but some thin spots in them. Many low spots are drowned out for both as well. Oats and spring wheat are heading out. Tough to make any hay or haylage with frequent rainfalls.

POLK-A.M.: A hail storm hit the southern townships in Polk County on 6/11/2017. Several hundred acres were affected. 2-3 inches of rain were received in a short amount of time. Many in the affected area attempting to replant soybeans. Significant damage to small vegetable farms. In other areas of the county, replanting has occurred. Crops are doing well in central and northern areas of the county.

LINCOLN/MARATHON-D.E.: Excessive rain resulted in extreme wet conditions across the area. All crops are affected by the moisture. Wet spots in fields are bare. Many corn fields have been replanted or not sprayed. Small grains are looking good where they were not drowned out. Hay that was cut is growing back, but much hay is still standing due to the wet weather. Many reports of problems with ginseng, mostly shades being blown down, but the wet weather is very detrimental to this crop.

MARINETTE/OCONTO-J.M.: Severe weather over the past week brought high winds and excessive rainfall. The corn/soybeans should recover from wind damage. However, standing water over growing crops will deteriorate crop conditions.

TREMPEALEAU-L.N.: Hail this past week has continued to slam county residents. One strawberry operation devastated by tennis ball/golf ball size hail. Area corn fields also sustained damage.

ADAMS/JUNEAU-J.W.: We had a pretty good week despite the storm in the middle of the week. We needed some rain. 1-2 inches fell in about 30 minutes so it came down pretty hard. This rain should have officially put the end to the planting season. Some hail but no one reported any damage. A few trees came down and some power outages. First cutting hay was very grassy, combination of winterkill and good growing conditions for grass. Quality or feed value is down but quantity is there.

MARQUETTE-WAUSHARA-J.W.: Much needed rain last week. Early potatoes starting to blossom.

KEWAUNEE-T.S.: Just when it looked like the area might have been starting to experience a dry period, more rain came. And unfortunately, so did some high winds and hail. A few corn fields were shredded by the hail. Any producer who invested in hail insurance will be glad as there will be some claims that will be made. However, most of the area did not see this damage this week. Many producers simply saw rain. The rain and wet weather made it a challenge for anyone wanting to finish making their first crop alfalfa. It seems as if the rain came almost every day, causing harvesting delays, mud and some minor flooding. Since most of the first crop was harvested earlier, the rain did not cause too many problems. And as long as the weather settles down by next week, the start of the second crop harvest shouldn't be impacted either. For the most part, all spring planted crops are doing very well in this area. The corn in some locations is already a foot high and the soybeans are anywhere from 2 to 6 inches. Weed control spraying is starting on the soybean fields now. The winter wheat crop is looking quite good now as well. With the wheat nearly all headed out, fungicide applications have begun and will continue for the next week or so, weather permitting.

CRAWFORD-J.B.: Much needed rain was received earlier in the week that really helped corn and soybeans. Area farmers are wrapping up soybean planting while some in the Kickapoo River bottoms are struggling to remove last year's crop before attempting to plant 2017 crop. The hot days and warm nights are really helping the corn crop. Area strawberries patches are progressing well. Most first crop hay has been harvested.

DODGE-M.P.: Farmers struggled this week between all the rain showers to complete anything. They are working on spraying and side dressing corn but had to stop to clean up from the week's thunderstorms. The corn and soybeans on the higher ground looks good with the heat and rain, but a lot of the low spots are flooded out or not planted due to standing water. At this point they won't get planted.

WALWORTH-N.W.: Well needed rain this past weekend. Planting has finally come to a close. It has been a long and frustrating planting season. Spraying and applying nitrogen has been the main focus this last week.

Wisconsin Weekly Weather, Selected Cities
Ending as of 7:00 am on June 18, 2017

City Temperature Growing degree days
(modified base 50) 1/
Avg max Avg min High max Low min Avg Avg
dep from normal*
Mar 1 to Jun 17 Mar 1 to Jun 17
Last week Since
Jun 1
Jun 1
dep from normal*
To Date
dep from normal*
Eau Claire 82 61 86 57 72 +6 795 699 3.07 3.56 +1.16 18.04 +5.34
Green Bay 84 64 87 61 74 +9 757 617 1.17 1.85 +0.02 14.95 +3.54
La Crosse 89 67 96 64 78 +9 1017 796 2.20 2.23 +0.15 19.91 +6.90
Madison 87 67 91 65 77 +11 859 783 3.16 3.17 +1.00 19.83 +6.25
Milwaukee 87 67 94 59 77 +12 806 n.a. 0.95 1.53 -0.33 19.32 +4.58

T = Trace. n.a. = not available.
1/Formula used: GDD = (Daily Maximum (86°) + Daily Minimum (50°)) / 2 - 50° where 86° is used if the maximum exceeds 86° and 50° is used if the minimum falls below 50°. Explanation.
*Normal based on 1971-2000 data.
Data from the NCEP/NOAA Climate Prediction Center
For more weather data, please reference the following sites: http://www.noaa.gov/ http://www.aos.wisc.edu/~sco/ http://www.cocorahs.org/ http://www.weather.gov/

This report has been made possible through the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, and the National Weather Service.

For climate normals and growing season data for a specific Wisconsin county, first go to our Wisconsin County Home Page, then select your county, then click on the Climate Table link in the left margin for that county.

Current Crop Report with Graphics at USDA

Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service

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