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Note: State and county level data are from the latest (2007) census. The next census will be in 2012.

Wisconsin Crop Weather Report

Issued October 19 for Week Ending October 18, 2020

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates

The Wisconsin Crop Weather Report is updated weekly by the Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service.

Chilly, Windy Conditions and Spotty Rains

Wisconsin had 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 18, 2020, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Chilly, windy conditions and spotty rains interrupted fieldwork in some areas this week. Overnight lows fell into the 20s on multiple nights with many reporters noting a killing frost. Areas of northern Wisconsin received up to 2 inches of snow on Saturday though it melted off quickly. Precipitation was welcome where received, helping germinate fall plantings and bulk up hay stands for the winter. The corn and soybean harvests made rapid progress in between precipitation events. Frosts and freezes helped to push late-planted corn toward maturity. Fall tillage and manure spreading continued. The potato harvest was nearing completion.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 5% very short, 17% short, 75% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 3% very short, 17% short, 76% adequate and 4% surplus.

Corn mature was 96%, over four weeks ahead of last year and 18 days ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest of corn for grain was 27% complete, 3 weeks ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the average. The moisture content of corn harvested for grain was reported at 21%. Corn condition rated 77% good to excellent statewide, down 2 percentage points from last week.

Soybeans dropping leaves was 98%, 25 days ahead of last year and a week ahead of the average. Soybean harvest was 72% complete, 24 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the average.

Potato harvest was reported as 94% complete, 11 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of the average.

Winter wheat planted was 86% complete, more than 4 weeks ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the average. Sixty-five percent of winter wheat was emerged, more than 4 weeks ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the average. Winter wheat condition rated 77% good to excellent statewide, unchanged from last week.

Fourth cutting of alfalfa was reported as 96% complete, more than 4 weeks ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the average.

Fall tillage was reported as 34% complete, 27 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the average.

Pasture condition rated 54% good to excellent statewide, down 6 percentage points from last week.

Wisconsin Crop Progress
Crop and percent
of acreage
District Percent State Percent
NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE This
Week
Last
Week
Last
Year
5-year
Average
Alfalfa hay, fourth cutting 93 92 98 98 86 94 100 95 100 96 93 77 92
Corn mature 99 100 93 99 98 94 98 91 95 96 92 58 83
Corn harvested for grain 27 10 13 23 12 19 36 36 36 27 15 6 20
Fall tillage 43 21 23 27 32 38 56 23 34 34 21 15 24
Soybeans harvested 67 51 51 81 71 67 67 78 85 72 46 27 47
Winter wheat planted 84 54 97 80 79 88 98 78 89 86 78 51 72
Winter wheat emerged 64 38 74 57 48 75 64 51 63 65 55 31 48
n.a. = not available
 
Wisconsin Crop Conditions
Crop V-Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
Percent
Corn 2 4 17 48 29
Pasture & range 6 12 28 36 18
Winter Wheat 1 1 21 51 26
Source: USDA, NASS, Wisconsin Field Office.

Wisconsin Temperatures and Precipitation for the week ending October 18, 2020

Maps from the Midwestern Regional Climate Center reflect data collected from 7:00 A.M. Central Time on October 12, 2020, through 7:00 A.M. Central Time on October 18, 2020.

Average Temperature, Wisconsin   Accumulated Precipitation, Wisconsin

Temperature and Precipitation Maps, courtesy of the Midwestern Regional Climate Center, are available at: http://mrcc.isws.illinois.edu/CLIMATE/

National Weather Service data, courtesy of the Wisconsin State Climatology Office, is available at:
http://www.aos.wisc.edu/~sco/clim-watch/index.html

Growing Degree Days can be found at https://mrcc.illinois.edu/U2U/gdd/

Wisconsin Weekly Weather, Selected Cities
Ending as of 7:00 am on October 18, 2020

City Temperature Growing degree days
(modified base 50) 1/
Precipitation
Avg max Avg min High max Low min Avg Avg
dep from normal*
Mar 1 to Oct 17 Mar 1 to Oct 17
normal*
Last week Since
Sep 1
Sep 1
dep from normal*
Year
To Date
Year
dep from normal*
Eau Claire 57 37 63 25 47 -1 2749 2733 0.74 2.37 -2.71 24.07 -3.18
Green Bay 59 38 67 28 48 +1 2657 2397 0.50 3.25 -1.13 27.19 +2.47
La Crosse 63 42 71 35 53 +2 3235 3033 0.63 4.37 -0.44 26.38 -2.41
Madison 61 38 68 32 50 0 2828 2746 0.28 3.87 -0.52 33.31 +4.11
Milwaukee 64 43 72 34 54 +2 3010 2702 0.10 1.09 -3.54 30.41 +1.69


T = Trace. n.a. = not available.
1/Formula used: GDD = (Daily Maximum (86°) + Daily Minimum (50°)) / 2 - 50° where 86° is used if the maximum exceeds 86° and 50° is used if the minimum falls below 50°. Explanation.
*Normal based on 1981-2010 data.
Data from the NCEP/NOAA Climate Prediction Center

This report has been made possible through the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, and the National Weather Service.

For climate normals and growing season data for a specific Wisconsin county, first go to our Wisconsin County Home Page, then select your county, then click on the Climate Table link in the left margin for that county.

Current Crop Report with Graphics at USDA

Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service

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