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Note: State and county level data are from the latest (2007) census. The next census will be in 2012.

Wisconsin Crop Weather Report

Issued June 17 for Week Ending June 16, 2019

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates

The Wisconsin Crop Weather Report is updated weekly by the Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service.

Vol. 19, No. 12

Not Ideal For Crop Development

Wisconsin had 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 16, 2019, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Showers rolled through some part of the state nearly every day this week as farmers worked to finish up spring plantings. Overcast skies and below normal temperatures were not ideal for crop development or making dry hay. With forage short, many producers were cutting their first crop for haylage instead of waiting for conditions to improve. Reporters commented that most of the corn and soybeans that are going to be planted this year were already in the ground. Prevented plantings were reported in many areas. Dairies and livestock producers may continue seeding late corn for silage or switch to alternate forage crops.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 33 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 65 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus.

Wisconsin Crop Conditions
Item V-Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
Percent
Corn 3 9 34 41 13
Hay (all) 12 25 26 28 9
Oats 1 5 24 53 17
Pasture & Range 3 9 28 41 19
Potatoes 0 3 18 64 15
Winter Wheat 4 12 39 33 12
Source: USDA, NASS, Wisconsin Field Office.

As of June 16, spring tillage was 93 percent complete statewide, 15 days behind last year.

Corn planting was 87 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 18 days behind the average. Corn emerged was reported at 66 percent, 16 days behind both last year and the average. Corn condition was 54 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week.

Seventy seven percent of soybeans were planted, 14 days behind last year and 15 days behind the average. Forty seven percent of soybeans had emerged, 14 days behind both last year and the average.

Winter wheat was 48 percent headed, 7 days behind last year, and 9 days behind the average. Winter wheat condition was 45 percent good to excellent, unchanged from last week.

Oats emerged was 80 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 18 days behind the average. Nine percent of oats had headed, 8 days behind both last year and the average. Oat condition was 70 percent good to excellent, 4 percentage points above last week.

Potato condition was 79 percent good to excellent, 6 percentage points ahead of last week.

The first cutting of alfalfa was reported as 60 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 10 days behind the average. All hay condition was reported 37 percent in good to excellent condition, even with last week.

Pasture condition was rated 60 percent in good to excellent condition, up 3 percentage points from last week.

Wisconsin Crop Progress
Crop and percent
of acreage
District Average State Average
NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE This
Year
Last
Week
Last
Year
5-year
Average
Alfalfa hay, first cutting 45 22 48 67 47 72 73 70 62 60 41 83 82
Corn planted 87 81 79 91 86 78 95 92 83 87 78 98 99
Corn emerged 65 38 46 78 72 56 76 73 46 66 48 95 94
Oats planted 96 85 90 97 92 93 98 97 96 94 91 100 100
Oats emerged 80 52 81 88 69 74 93 92 85 80 70 96 98
Oats headed 0 1 1 1 4 1 21 36 8 9 5 30 28
Soybeans planted 80 69 72 85 77 73 85 79 58 77 60 95 96
Soybeans emerged 50 18 34 60 51 39 55 54 21 47 26 86 85
Spring tillage 98 82 89 96 93 89 98 94 89 93 88 100 99
Winter wheat headed 36 41 14 55 37 44 41 63 62 48 22 69 75
n.a. = not available

Selected Quotes from Farm Reporters and County Ag Agents
All comments are used in creating this report, but only a few are published below.

NW—BARRON-T.B.: Growers wrapping up planting operations, some re-planting of skipped wet areas. Hay harvesting continued but yields falling short of normal. Overall, corn and soybeans growing very well but fields planted into terminated hay stands facing perennial weed competition.

NW—SAWYER-K.S.: Most corn and soybeans that are going to get planted are planted. There were many areas that needed to get replanted due to flooding or wet conditions. Focus now turns to planting alternative forages to replace lost acres from winter injury.

NC—ASHLAND/IRON-K.R.: Spring planted crops have begun to emerge. Abundant sunshine has allowed first crop made for silage to begin.

NC—MARATHON-A.N.: One week of good planting weather. Still feeling the loss of the hay.

NE—SHAWANO-B.R.: Many farmers have now decided to go with prevent planting on the balance of their acres that have not been planted. Only about 30 percent of all the crops planted are emerged at this point. Even the crops that were planted a month ago are only a few inches high. Alfalfa haylage harvest has started but with rain every other day, it is difficult to get much done.

WC—ST CROIX-D.K.: New seedings are coming up well with sufficient moisture. Hay harvest has gone fast with the low acres. Yield is down even on better stands

C—PORTAGE/WOOD-J.W.: 2.5 inches of rainfall late in the week stalled most activities. Much progress was made before the rains with corn, soybean and oats planting. Lots of manure hauling also was done. Small amounts of hay made. Potatoes, snap beans and peas look good, sweet corn only fair. Need a few dry days to resume work.

C/EC—OUTAGAMIE/WAUPACA-D.L.H.: Cool weather is slowing crop maturity. Many producers have abandoned planting corn or soybeans on heavy soils due to the prolonged wet conditions.

EC—BROWN-J.M.: Cropping conditions have been improving. Wet conditions in parts of county. Some fields may not be planted.

EC—SHEBOYGAN-T.S.: The week started with warmth and sunshine and good progress. Then the rains returned dropping another 1.5 inches on most of the county. Producers are still hopeful to get additional seed in the ground. More rain in the forecast for the upcoming week might change those plans.

SW—CRAWFORD/GRANT-M.D.: Cloudy, rainy, and cool temperatures slowed field work last week with more rain predicted essentially every day this coming week.

SC—COLUMBIA-K.W.: Producers are finishing up with planting. There are a lot of prevent plant acres this year.

SE—WALWORTH-C.O.: Foggy, rainy, windy and 60 degree temps.

Wisconsin Weekly Weather, Selected Cities
Ending as of 7:00 am on June 16, 2019

City Temperature Growing degree days
(modified base 50) 1/
Precipitation
Avg max Avg min High max Low min Avg Avg
dep from normal*
Mar 1 to Jun 15 Mar 1 to Jun 15
normal*
Last week Since
Jun 1
Jun 1
dep from normal*
Year
To Date
Year
dep from normal*
Eau Claire 73 49 81 38 61 -5 577 666 0.14 0.21 -1.89 18.58 +6.20
Green Bay 69 52 79 48 61 -3 521 586 1.31 1.66 +0.05 17.59 +6.39
La Crosse 77 54 84 47 65 -3 752 759 2.01 2.33 +0.50 19.24 +6.50
Madison 74 53 78 48 63 -3 681 747 0.42 1.45 -0.43 19.16 +5.86
Milwaukee 73 53 80 51 63 -2 553 NA 1.62 2.27 +0.64 20.08 +5.53


T = Trace. n.a. = not available.
1/Formula used: GDD = (Daily Maximum (86°) + Daily Minimum (50°)) / 2 - 50° where 86° is used if the maximum exceeds 86° and 50° is used if the minimum falls below 50°. Explanation.
*Normal based on 1971-2000 data.
Data from the NCEP/NOAA Climate Prediction Center
For more weather data, please reference the following sites: http://www.noaa.gov/ http://www.aos.wisc.edu/~sco/ http://www.cocorahs.org/ http://www.weather.gov/

This report has been made possible through the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, and the National Weather Service.

For climate normals and growing season data for a specific Wisconsin county, first go to our Wisconsin County Home Page, then select your county, then click on the Climate Table link in the left margin for that county.

Current Crop Report with Graphics at USDA

Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service

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